District Profile

General

                                Beed District is situated at the Central West of the Aurangabad. It is between 18.28 and 19.28 longitudinally and between 74.54 and 76.57 longitudinally. It is surrounded by Aurangabad and Jalna in the North, Parbhani and Latur in the East, Ahmednagar and Osmanabad in the South and Ahmednagar in the West. Godavari is the most significant river that flows on the borderline of Georai and Majalgaon Tehsils. 

                             Beed is situated in the Deecan black basalt stone, ranges of Balaghat that constitutes main range from Ahmednagar in the west, to the border of district Beed in the East. This range divides the district into two parts. The plain area in the North is called as Gangathadi (bank of Ganga-Godavari) and the higher part is called as Ghat at Balaghat. Many hills exceed 2500 feet mark from the sea-level Balaghat range is between heights of 2000 and 2200 feet, whereas the plains called Gangathadi have the heights between 1200 and 1500 feet from the sea-level. The height of Ashti Tehsil is between 1750 and 2000 feet from the sea-level. The slope of Ashti Tehsil is in the Southern direction.

 

Area and Administrative Sections:

                               The total area of Beed district is 10693 sq km and it is 3.44% of Maharashtra State. Further division of area is 234.9 Sq.Kms (2.2%) in urban parts and 10380.4 sq Kms i.e. 97.79% in rural area. There are 11 Panchayat Samities which governs by Zilla Parishad. For administrative purpose Beed district have been formed in two parts. One section is at Beed includes 5 Blocks 1) Beed 2) Georai 3) Patoda 4) Ashti 5) Shirur (Kasar) while other section is Ambajogai that includes 6 Blocks 1) Ambajogai 2) Kaij 3) Majalgaon 4) Dharur 5) Parli 6) Wadwani. There are special Deputy Collector offices in Ambajogai sections. The KVK Digholamba, is situated in Ambajogai section and working in those 6 blocks after established new KVK in the district for Beed section. The geographical area of Ambajogai section is 477231ha which is 44.66% of the district total geographical area. There are 545 villages and 473 gram panchayats while in the district 1403 villages as per the census report of 2011. Out of total 1019 Gram Panchayats (village Panchayats), 833 had independent while 186 are group-gram-panchayats. There are A-class Nagar Parishads in Beed-Town, B-class in Parli Vaijnath and Ambajogai and C-class in Dharur, Georai and Majalgaon out of total 6 Nagar-Parishads. There are 8 Market Committees each one at Beed, Georai, Majalgaon, Kaij, Patoda, Ashti and Parli(V).

Agricultural and allied census:

                               Geographical area of the district is 1068600 ha. The area under forest is 32156 ha which 3 % of total area is. Cultivable land is 876000 ha (81.97%).

ParticularsArea (ha)Percentage
Total Geographical area1068600
Cultivable land87600081.97
Area under forest321563.00
Irrigated area14366316.39
Un-irrigated area73233783.61
Light soil18400021.00
Medium soil49060056.00
Heavy soil20140022.99
Kharif cropped area55480063.33
Rabi cropped area37880043.24
Net sown area919212110.73

Population details

Item

Descriptions

No. of Tahsils

11

No. of Villages

1367

In-habituated

1305

Un-in-habituated

06

Revenue

1287

Population

2585962 (As per 2011 Census)

Male Population

1352468

Female Population

1233494

Literacy

73.50%

Rural Population

20712177 (As per 2011 Census)

Urban Population

514685 (As per 2011 Census)

No. of farmers

549776

Small & marginal farmers

503797

Average land holding

1.58 ha

Male-Female Ratio:

As per Census 2011 there are 912 women per thousand men in Beed dist. While it is in the state 946 for 1000 man.

Details of land holding details:

 

Category

Holdings

Area

 

No. in lakhs

Percentage

to the total

No. in

lakhs

Percentage

of total

Marginal holdings (below 1 ha)

1.23

30.50

10133

7.90

Small holdings (1-2ha)

1.28

31.62

188790

21.10

Others (Total)

15.33

37.88

694909

71.00

Total

40.49

100

893832

 

Details of irrigation type and source:

Category Area under irrigation (ha) Percentage to the total
Open wells 110896 39.83
Tube / bore wells 39153 14.06
Lift irrigation 5549 1.99
Tanks 70504 25.33
Total 278390

Soil types :

 

Soil type

 

Characteristics

Area

(ha)

Area

(%)

Heavy soils

Depth prone 50 to 100 cm, found along the major rivers

201400

23

 

Medium soils

Depth from 25 to 50 cm with deccan trap soils along the

major rivers

 

148920

 

17

Light soils

Depth from 7.5 to 25 cm found in undulating area

341364

48

Very light soils

Depth of 0 to 7.5 cm found in hilly area

87459

12

In Beed District diversification has been taken in the crops:

Crop General area (ha) Actual area (ha) Area in percentage Productivity (kg/ha)
Kh. Jowar 53800 26500 49.25 12.58
Bajra 178800 103300 57.77 10.52
Maize 3200 10000 312.50 14.24
Red gram 49100 60000 122.19 3.76
Green gram 12700 10000 78.74 6.45
Black gram 9800 15000 153 7.38
G.Nuts 10100 2500 24.75 9.54
Soybean 35600 136000 382 16.70
Sesamum 6700 2300 34.32 0.32
Cotton 135700 459600 338.68 7.15
Sugarcane 39100 53599 137 6200
RABI
R. Jowar 27177 19670 72.38 4.17
Wheat 43000 8700 20.23 2.93
Bengalgram 347000 40700 11.73 4.81
Sunflower 16600 1751 10.55 0.51
Safflower 23000 641 2.79 0.20
Linseed 4300 286 6.65 0.28
Fruits and Veg
Mango 3078.89 3078.89 5
Sweet Orange 1172.24 1172.24 8
Pomegranate 1296.63 1296.63 6
Guava 155.02 155.02 10
K. lime 521.77 521.77 6
Sapota 491.66 491.66 6
Banana 369.62 369.62
Grape 120.90 120.90
Orange 110.32 110.32
Other 1557.41 1557.41

Production and productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district :

Particulars

Population

Production

Productivity (lit)

Cattle

 

 

 

Crossbred

91961

56350

5.7

Indigenous

515113

375580

1.3

Buffalo

211122

723978

3.5

Sheep

129045

 

 

Goats

466116

 

 

Pigs

17470

 

 

Rabbits

11035

 

 

Poultry

790245

 

 

Agro-climatic zones:

Zone No

Type of Zone

Rainfall (mm)

Blocks Included

 

VI

 

Scarcity Zone

 

550-650

Ashti, Patoda, Shirur(Ka.), Part of Beed, Georai, Dharur

 

VII

 

Assured Rainfall

 

750-950

Parali, Ambajogai, Kaij, Dharur, Majalgaon, Wadwani

Agro-ecosystems:

Major and micro-farming systems:

The cropping pattern of the district includes crops, cotton, Sorghum , Soybean, Redgram, Sugarcane, Pearl millet  in Kharif. In light soils Bajara, Redgram, Sorghum are grown.

Inter crops are Sorghum  + Redgram (3:3) or (4:2), Bajara + Redgram (3:3), Soybean + Redgram (4:2) and in double cropping – K. Jowar-wheat/ Bengalgram, Bajara- Wheat / Bengalgram, Soybean -R. Jowar /Wheat, Sugarcane etc.

Sr.

Farming system

1

Soybean – R. Sorghum / Wheat/ Bengalgram, Black gram/ Greengram- Wheat, Pearl Millet, K. Sorghum, Sugarcane- sugarcane, single cropping cotton, Redgram

2

Intercropping – Soybean + Pigeon pea/Sorghum, Bengalgram/Sorghum + Safflower, Redgram + sorghum

3

Fruit plants (mango, anola, fig, citrus) + Soybean/sesame/Green, Blackgram/vegetable –Wheat/Bengalgram

Major production systems:

Sr.

Production system

1

Cotton based: Cotton + Redgram, Cotton + Soybean, Cotton sole

2

Soybean – R. Sorghum /Wheat/ Sorghum – Bengalgram, Black gram – Wheat, Greengram-Wheat,sugarcane, Pearl Millet – Wheat, Sugarcane- sugarcane, single cropping cotton, Redgram

3

Intercropping – Soybean + Pigeon pea/Sorghum, Bengalgram/Sorghum + Safflower, Redgram + sorghum

4

Fruit plants (mango, aonla, fig, citrus) + Soybean/sesame/Green, Blackgram/vegetable – Wheat/Bengalgram

Major agriculture and allied enterprises:

Sr.

Enterprise

1

Agriculture + Animal Husbandry

2

Poultry

3

Goatry

4

Dairy

5

Sericulture + Agriculture

6

Non – farm enterprises – sewing & stitching, Rope making, Wool curbing

7

Jaggory  making

Priority thrust areas:

  • Necessary to increase area under Oilseed & Pulses.
  • Use of HYV, INM, IWM, & ICM to increase productivity of the crops and reducing cost of cultivation.
  • Promotion of seed bank concept in villages.
  • To make farmers aware about nutrient deficiencies, their management though ST based w/s fertilizer application.
  • Improvement of soil health through incorporation of crop residues & other methods.
  • Availability of seed of improved variety by cultivating the seed plots in the district.
  • Popularization of BBF planting, Paired row planting, Zero Tillage, Mulching & water conservation measures.
  • Soil health card program awareness & fertility status of soil with reclamation measures.
  • Promotion of fodder varieties & feed cost reduction through exploiting nutrient efficient
  • Introduction of high yielding varieties in vegetables.
  • Improvement of fruit quality.
  • Popularising protective farming.
  • Unavailability of good quality grafts & seedling.
  • Use of soil test based INM in fruit and vegetable.
  • Hybrid seed production in vegetables.
  • Increase productivity of the crops and conservation of natural enemies by using IPM, and IDM technology
  • Use of bio-fertilizer for seed treatment to increase nodulation and uptake of nutrient.
  • Use of bio-pesticide, bio-fungicide for management of pests and disease.
  • Increase use of plant based insecticides, light traps and Pheromone traps for management of pests.
  • Self-employment through sericulture at village level.
  • Increase in area under fodder crops and productivity of livestock.
  • Encouraging agri. based income generating livestock activities for self-employment like Poultry farming, Goat farming.
  • Proper health management.
  • Popularizing improved tools and implement to reduce drudgery.
  • Women and child health care to increase nutritional status.
  • House hold food security.
  • Value addition through post harvest technology.
  • Self employment generation through vermicomposting, goatry, backyard poultry, Fashion designing, small scale processing unit, etc.
  • To improve socio-economic status.
  • Popularizing improved implement and machines to reduce the cost of cultivation.
  • Popularizing various small agril. Tools to reduce drudgery of farm women.
  • Soil &Water conservation measures and recycles of available water with improved irrigation system.
  • Promoting nonrenewable energy sources.
  • Improving self-employment through post harvest processing unit.
  • Demonstrations and extension for technology transfer.
  • Organization and maintenance of Farmers’ club, FPO’s, CIG’s, and.
  • Promotion of micro-financing through farmers club, FIG’s and linkages with banks.
  • Promotion of technologies through horizontal transmission.
  • Promotion and development of market intelligence and group marketing.
  • Awareness program for agricultural insurance scheme and subsidiary occupation.
  • Dissemination and boosting adoption rate of improved technologies.
  • Establishment, strengthening and utilization of linkages between farmers, government agencies and credit institutions to link up different schemes.
  • Awareness about information and communication technology.
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